Diversity for Restoration (D4R) tool

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Recently, researchers have devised a Diversity for Restoration (D4R) tool that enables appropriate agroforestry and aids systematic ecosystem restoration.

About Diversity for Restoration (D4R) tool:


  • It is developed with information on 237 socio-economically important native trees from the Western Ghats.
  • It is devised by Bioversity International.
  • The team from Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), with the help of Bioversity International, modified it to promote restoration programmes in India.



  • The researchers have claimed the tool will help improve the effectiveness of restoration programmes by providing manifold benefits to interested stakeholders while promoting sustainable development.
  • The online tool precisely aims to help better decision-making and bring the best outcome for those plantation programmes.
  • It could improve socio-ecological perspectives and help stakeholders in decision-making.
  • The tool helps the user in identifying species that match their restoration objectives.
  • It further helps identify species that can resist local stresses and adapt to evolving environmental conditions.
  • It also helps pinpoint areas and regions to procure the seeds for the required species.
  • The tool has information about 100 plant functional traits that have been considered to offer the best possible solution.
  • Functional traits include information on economic and ecological uses from the tree species chosen for plantation.
  • The tool informs the user whether the tree species offers timber, fruit, manure or other commercial benefits.
  • It also informs if the tree is resilient to physiological stresses such as extreme high or low temperatures, salinity or acidity tolerance in the soil among others.
  • The tool could also identify windbreakers - the trees can act as a barrier against high winds.
  • The user can also know if the species offers better nitrogen fixing and whether it serves as a good pollinator for birds and bees.
  • This tool is already being used in countries such as Malaysia, Ethiopia, Columbia, Peru, Burkina Faso, Cameroon etc.


Q1) What is Agroforestry?

Agroforestry is a land management system that integrates trees or woody perennials with agricultural crops or livestock in the same area. It is a sustainable and multifunctional approach that combines the benefits of agriculture, forestry, and sometimes livestock production.

Source: This new tool can drive India’s eco-restoration initiatives; here’s how