DNA Profiling of Elephants

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Announcing the 30-year celebration of ‘Project Elephant’ recently officials from the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change said that the DNA profiling of 270 of the 2,675 captive elephants in the country has been completed.

About DNA Profiling of Elephants:

  • The DNA profiling was started in August 2022 for Gaj Soochna Mobile Application for forest officials.
  • DNA profiling is the process where a specific DNA pattern, called a profile, is obtained from a sample of bodily tissue.

What is Project Elephant?

  • It was launched in 1992 as a Centrally-Sponsored Scheme to protect elephants and improve their habitat and corridors, reduce Human-elephant conflict and ensure their welfare.
  • Under this project, financial and technical support is given to wildlife management efforts by states for their free-ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants.
  • Project elephant is mainly implemented in 16 States.
  • Conservation status of Asian Elephant
    • IUCN: Endangered
    • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I.
    • CITES: Appendix I


Q1) What is the role of DNA in the human body?

DNA contains the instructions needed for an organism to develop, survive and reproduce. To carry out these functions, DNA sequences must be converted into messages that can be used to produce proteins, which are the complex molecules that do most of the work in our bodies.

Source: DNA profiling of 270 captive elephants completed: Govt