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China has recently set up a ropeway near the Torsa Nala near Doklam and is strengthening roads and other infrastructure along the entire eastern sector.

About Doklam:

  • Doklam, or Donglang in Chinese, is an area spread over less than a 100 sq km comprising a plateau and a valley at the trijunction between India, Bhutan and China.
  • It is surrounded by the Chumbi Valley of Tibet, Bhutan’s Ha Valley and Sikkim.
  • Doklam is strategically located close to the Siliguri Corridor, which connects mainland India with its north-eastern region.
  • The corridor, also called Chicken’s Neck, is a vulnerable point for India.

Areas of differing perception:

  • These are the areas where both sides patrol the area upto their claim lines.
  • This “has been the trend since 2006”.
  • India and China have mutually agreed disputed areas and areas of differing perception along the 3,488 km-long LAC.
  • For instance in eastern Ladakh, there are two mutually agreed disputed areas, Trig Heights and Demchok, while there are 10 areas of differing perception.
  • Similarly, Yangtse is one of the eight major friction points in the eastern sector.


Q1) What is LAC?

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-Controlled territory. It is currently the de-facto border between the two countries and the process of clarifying and confirming the Line of Actual Control (LAC) is in progress.

Source: The Hindu