Eco Biotraps

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Overview:

Recently, in order to prevent the spread of vector-borne infections in the city, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) announced to launch of a pilot project called ‘Eco Biotraps’

About Eco Biotraps: 

  • What it is? Eco Biotraps is pegged as an eco-friendly trap with ‘attractants’ that attract female mosquitoes and lay eggs in its water.
  • Eco Biotraps are made from recycled cardboard.
  • It consists of a small bag containing a mixture of attractant and insecticide.
  • These traps are filled with water and placed in mosquito-infested areas.
  • The attractant and insecticide (Insect Growth Regulator granules) in the trap bag are immediately mixed with water. After which, the attractant in the water attracts the female mosquito to lay her eggs there.
  • The insecticide present in the water destroys the mosquito eggs.

What are Vector-borne diseases?

  • These are human illnesses caused by parasites, viruses and bacteria that are transmitted by vectors.
  • The burden of these diseases is highest in tropical and subtropical areas, and they disproportionately affect the poorest populations.
  • Every year there are more than 700,000 deaths from diseases such as malaria, dengue, schistosomiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and onchocerciasis.

 


Q1) What is a non-communicable disease?

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are medical conditions or diseases that are not caused by infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites. They are also known as chronic diseases, and include conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and mental disorders.

Source: BMC to launch eco-friendly device to curb vector-borne diseases