Emissions Gap Report 2022

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Overview:

According to the Emissions Gap Report 2022, current pledges by countries for reducing greenhouse gas emissions would still leave the world warmer by 2.4-2.6 degrees celsius by the end of the century.

About Emissions Gap Report 2022:

  • The report was released by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • It is managed by the UNEP Copenhagen Climate Centre.
  • It serves as a “scientifically authoritative source of timely and policy-relevant information to key decision-makers,” guiding the UNFCCC process and implementing the Paris Agreement.
  • The Paris Agreement, adopted by 196 countries in 2015 at COP 21, was aimed at limiting global warming and maintaining the average global temperature rise, ideally, to below 1.5°C.

Highlights:

  • The report found that the updated pledges by countries, also known as nationally determined contributions (NDC) under the Paris Agreement, only reduce the projected greenhouse emissions by 1 per cent by 2030.
  • It is roughly equivalent to 0.5 gigatonnes of CO2.
  • This is when a 45 per cent reduction is required for the world to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
  • The pre-industrial period is generally considered to be between 1850 and 1900. 

Source : Indian Express