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Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) has prequalified a new oral vaccine for Cholera called Euvichol-S.

About Euvichol-S

  • It is the inactivated oral vaccine to treat Cholera.
  • This new vaccine is the third product of the same family of vaccines which are there for cholera in WHO prequalification list.
  • It is a simplified formulation of the oral cholera vaccine (OCV) Euvichol-Plus.
  • Other inactivated oral cholera vaccines are Euvichol and Euvichol-Plus.

Key facts about Cholera

  • It is an acute diarrhoeal disease that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
  • It remains a global threat to public health and an indicator of inequity and lack of social development.
  • Symptoms
    • It is an extremely virulent disease that can cause severe acute watery diarrhoea. 
    • Profuse watery diarrhoea, Vomiting, Leg cramps etc.
  • The disease can spread rapidly in areas with inadequate sewage and drinking water treatment.

Q1: What is vaccination?

Vaccination is a simple, safe, and effective way of protecting you against harmful diseases, before you come into contact with them. It uses your body’s natural defenses to build resistance to specific infections and makes your immune system stronger.

Source: WHO prequalifies new oral vaccine for cholera; Here’s what you need to know