Iran has recently unveiled its first-ever hypersonic missile, Fattah, which it says can penetrate missile defence systems and will give it a military edge
About Fattah Missile:
- It is an intermediate range ballistic missile developed by Iran.
- It can travel at hypersonic speeds of up to 15 times the speed of sound and can penetrate missile defence system.
- It has a range of 1,400 kilometres and uses solid propellants, allowing high manoeuvrability.
- This missile has the capability to utilize various warheads for different missions.
What are Hypersonic Missiles?
- Hypersonic missiles travel at speeds of at least Mach 5 — five times the speed of sound — and can manoeuvre mid-flight, making them harder to track and intercept.
- Unlike conventional ballistic missiles, hypersonic ones fly on a trajectory low in the atmosphere, enabling them to reach their targets more quickly and with less chance of being intercepted by modern air defences.
Q1) What are ballistic missiles?
Ballistic missiles are powered initially by a rocket or series of rockets in stages, but then follow an unpowered trajectory that arches upwards before descending to reach its intended target. Ballistic missiles can carry either nuclear or conventional warheads.