In the last one month, seven leopard cubs at Bannerghatta Biological Park in Bengaluru have died after being infected by feline panleukopenia virus.
About Feline Panleukopenia virus:
- It is a highly contagious viral disease of cats.
- It is also known as Feline Distemper which is a life-threatening infectious disease.
- It infects and kills the rapidly growing and dividing cells in the body, including cells in the bone marrow, intestines, and skin, and in a developing fetus.
- Once infected by Feline panleukopenia virus, the intestine of the animal gets completely affected.
- They develop severe diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration which ultimately leads to death.
- It spreads faster and the infected animal dies within four to five days.
- There is no specific treatment for feline panleukopenia.
- Dehydration is treated with aggressive intravenous fluid therapy while clinical signs of vomiting and diarrhea are treated with prescription medications.
- Antibiotic therapy is often instituted to help control any secondary bacterial infections due to low white blood cell counts.
Q1) What is a virus?
A virus is a microscopic infectious agent that is much smaller than a cell and is not considered a living organism. Viruses can infect various forms of life, including animals, plants, fungi, bacteria (known as bacteriophages), and archaea.