Feline Panleukopenia virus

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Overview:

In the last one month, seven leopard cubs at Bannerghatta Biological Park in Bengaluru have died after being infected by feline panleukopenia virus.

About Feline Panleukopenia virus:

  • It is a highly contagious viral disease of cats.
  • It is also known as Feline Distemper which is a life-threatening infectious disease. 
  • It infects and kills the rapidly growing and dividing cells in the body, including cells in the bone marrow, intestines, and skin, and in a developing fetus.
  • Symptoms
    • Once infected by Feline panleukopenia virus, the intestine of the animal gets completely affected.
    • They develop severe diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration which ultimately leads to death.
    • It spreads faster and the infected animal dies within four to five days.
  • Treatment 
    • There is no specific treatment for feline panleukopenia.
    • Dehydration is treated with aggressive intravenous fluid therapy while clinical signs of vomiting and diarrhea are treated with prescription medications.
    • Antibiotic therapy is often instituted to help control any secondary bacterial infections due to low white blood cell counts. 

 


Q1) What is a virus?

A virus is a microscopic infectious agent that is much smaller than a cell and is not considered a living organism. Viruses can infect various forms of life, including animals, plants, fungi, bacteria (known as bacteriophages), and archaea.

Source: In 1 month, 7 leopard cubs at Bengaluru’s Bannerghatta zoo die of feline virus attack