Gangotri National Park

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Overview:

Gangotri national park (GNP) authorities would soon be transferring around 50 hectares of land to the Army and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) to develop new bunkers and border outposts near the LAC.

About Gangotri National Park:

  • Location:
    • It is located in the Uttarkashi District region of the state of Uttarakhand.
    • It sits along the upper catchment of the Bhagirathi River
    • The northeastern section of the park forms the international boundary of India and Tibet (China). 
  • The area enclosed by the park also borders Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary and Govind National Park.
  • The park spans 2,390 sq km (920 sq mi) of land across a highly mountainous part of the country.
  • The mountains in the park are part of the Gangotri Group of the Garhwal Himalayas, which are a subrange of the eastern Himalayas.
  • Peaks: Major peaks within the park include Chaukhamba I, Satopanth, Chaukhamba II, Chaukhamba III, and Kedarnath Main.
  • The famous Gangotri Glacier is located in the park boundaries and is known for being one of the primary sources of the Ganges.
  • Ecology:
    • It is home to high-altitude ecosystems that are common in the Himalayas.
    • Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests dominate the lower elevation landscapes. These forests are filled with fir trees intermixed with deodar, oak, spruce, and rhododendrons trees.
    • Higher elevations in the park are home to Western Himalayan alpine shrubs. Alpine meadows are also common beneath the massive glaciers.
  • Fauna:
    • It is home to the ever-elusive snow leopard.
    • Other species include brown bear, blue sheep, musk deer, Asian black bear, and the Himalayan tahr, among others.

 


Q1) Which are the major peaks located within the Gangotri National Park?

The mountains in the park are part of the Gangotri Group of the Garhwal Himalayas, which are a subrange of the eastern Himalayas. Major peaks within the park include Chaukhamba I, Satopanth, Chaukhamba II, Chaukhamba III, and Kedarnath Main.

Source: Gangotri park to give 50 ha to Army, ITBP for 'bunkers'