Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023

1 min read
Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023 Blog Image


Recently, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) released the Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023.

About Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI) 2023:

  • It quantifies biases against women, capturing people’s attitudes toward women’s roles.
  • It tracked people’s attitudes towards women in four dimensions: political, educational, economic and physical integrity. 

Key points of GSNI 2023

  • The index, covering 85 per cent of the global population, reveals that close to 9 out of 10 men and women hold fundamental biases against women.
  • Nearly 90% of people still hold at least one bias against women and 25 per cent of people believe it is justified for a man to beat his wife.
  • Countries with greater bias in gender social norms also show a lower presence of women in parliament.
  • Indigenous women, migrant women and women with disabilities have meagre political representation, demonstrating how overlapping biases can further reduce opportunities for women.
  • The recent increase in education achievements has not translated into better economic outcomes and opportunities for women.


Q1) What is the United Nations Development Programme?

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network. It is one of the leading organizations within the UN system that works to eradicate poverty, reduce inequalities, and build sustainable development in countries around the world.

Source: Prejudices against women didn’t reduce in the last decade; 90% of people still hold gender bias: UN