Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)

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Overview:

According to a declaration released by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) conference, Climate observing system remains fragile and needs financing for strengthening and sustaining it.

About Global Climate Observing System (GCOS):

  • The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) is a co-sponsored programme which regularly assesses the status of global climate observations and produces guidance for its improvement.  
  • It is co-sponsored by the
    • World Meteorological Organization (WMO),
    • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO),
    • United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), and
    • International Science Council (ISC).
  • GCOS expert panels maintain definitions of Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) which are required to systematically observe Earth`s changing climate.
  • The observations supported by GCOS contribute to solving challenges in climate research and also underpin climate services and adaptation measures.

Source : Down to Earth