India was ranked at 127 out of 146 countries in terms of gender parity — an improvement of eight places from last year, according to the recently published annual Gender Gap Report, 2023.
About Global Gender Gap Index:
- Global Gender Gap Report is released annually by the World Economic Forum (WEF) since 2006.
- It measures gender parity in 146 countries and across four areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment.
- Highlights of Global Gender Gap Report 2023:
- India was ranked at 127 out of 146 countries in terms of gender parity, an improvement of eight places from last year.
- According to the report, India had attained parity in enrolment across all levels of education.
- India had closed 64.3% of the overall gender gap. However, it underlined that India had reached only 36.7 % parity on economic participation and opportunity.
- On political empowerment, India has registered 25.3% parity, with women representing 15.1% of parliamentarians — the highest for the country since the inaugural report in 2006.
- The index ranked India’s neighbours Pakistan at 142, Bangladesh at 59, China at 107, Nepal at 116, Sri Lanka at 115 and Bhutan at 103.
- Iceland is the most gender-equal country in the world for the 14th consecutive year and the only one to have closed more than 90% of its gender gap.
- Overall, the Southern Asian region has achieved 63.4% gender parity, the second-lowest of the eight regions.
Q1: What is Gender Parity?
Gender parity concerns relative equality in terms of numbers and proportions of women and men, girls and boys, and is often calculated as the ratio of female-to-male values for a given indicator.