Global Hunger Index (GHI)

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India has ranked 107 on the Global Hunger Index (GHI), 2022, out of 121 countries, lagging behind most south Asian countries.

About Global Hunger Index (GHI):

  • The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger at global, regional, and national levels.
  • It is prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe.
  • GHI scores are based on the values of four component indicators:
    • Undernourishment (share of the population with insufficient caloric intake),
    • child stunting (the share of children under age five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic under-nutrition),
    • child wasting (acute under-nutrition in children under age five with low weight for their height),
    • child mortality (the mortality rate of children under the age of five).
  • The GHI score is calculated on a 100-point scale reflecting the severity of hunger, where zero is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst.

Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022:

  • India’s score of 29.1 places it in the ‘serious’ category. 
  • India's GHI score has decelerated - from 38.8 in 2000 to the range of 28.2 - 29.1 between 2014 and 2022.
  • India also ranks below Sri Lanka (64), Nepal (81), Bangladesh (84), and Pakistan (99). Afghanistan (109) is the only country in South Asia that performs worse than India on the index.
  • Seventeen countries, including China, Turkey, and Kuwait, shared the top rank with GHI score of less than five.


Source : The Hindu