Global Hunger Index

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India ranks 111 out of a total of 125 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2023.

About Global Hunger Index

  • It is a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger at global, regional, and national levels.
  • It is prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe.

How it is calculated? 

  • GHI scores are based on the values of four component indicators
  • Undernourishment:(the share of the population whose caloric intake is insufficient)
  • Child stunting: (the share of children under the age of five who have low height for their age)
  • Child wasting: ( the share of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height)
  • Child mortality: (the share of children who die before their fifth birthday)
  • The GHI score is calculated on a 100-point scale reflecting the severity of hunger, where zero is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst.

Key findings of GHI-2023

  • India’s ranking is based on a Global Hunger Index score of 28.7 on a 100-point scale.
  • This categorises India’s severity of hunger as “serious”.
  • The 2023 GHI score for the world is 18.3, which is considered moderate.
  • Latin American and the Caribbean is the only region in the world whose GHI scores have worsened between 2015 and 2023.
  • South Asia and Africa South of the Sahara are the world regions with the highest hunger levels, with GHI scores of 27.0 each.

Q1: What is Child mortality?

Child mortality refers to the number of children who die before reaching the age of five per 1,000 live births. It is a critical indicator of a region's overall health and well-being and is often used to assess the quality of healthcare, nutrition, sanitation, and other factors affecting child survival.

Source: India ranks 111 out of 125 countries in Global Hunger Index