India ranks 111 out of a total of 125 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2023.
About Global Hunger Index
- It is a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger at global, regional, and national levels.
- It is prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe.
How it is calculated?
- GHI scores are based on the values of four component indicators
- Undernourishment:(the share of the population whose caloric intake is insufficient)
- Child stunting: (the share of children under the age of five who have low height for their age)
- Child wasting: ( the share of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height)
- Child mortality: (the share of children who die before their fifth birthday)
- The GHI score is calculated on a 100-point scale reflecting the severity of hunger, where zero is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst.
Key findings of GHI-2023
- India’s ranking is based on a Global Hunger Index score of 28.7 on a 100-point scale.
- This categorises India’s severity of hunger as “serious”.
- The 2023 GHI score for the world is 18.3, which is considered moderate.
- Latin American and the Caribbean is the only region in the world whose GHI scores have worsened between 2015 and 2023.
- South Asia and Africa South of the Sahara are the world regions with the highest hunger levels, with GHI scores of 27.0 each.
Q1: What is Child mortality?
Child mortality refers to the number of children who die before reaching the age of five per 1,000 live births. It is a critical indicator of a region's overall health and well-being and is often used to assess the quality of healthcare, nutrition, sanitation, and other factors affecting child survival.