Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

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Recently, the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) report highlighted that a total of 415 million people moved out of poverty in India within just 15 years from 2005/2006 to 2019/2021.

Key Findings: 


  • It said that 25 countries, including India, successfully halved their global MPI values within 15 years, showing that rapid progress is attainable.
  • The report noted that deprivation in all indicators declined in India.
  • The poorest States and groups, including children and people in disadvantaged caste groups, had the fastest absolute progress.
  • In India those people who are multidimensionally poor and deprived under the nutrition indicator have declined.
  • Children under the age of 18 account for half of MPI-poor people (566 million).
  • The poverty rate among children is 27.7%, while among adults, it is 13.4%. 
  • Countries halved their MPI in periods as short as four to 12 years.


Key facts about Global Multidimensional Poverty Index

  • It was developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).
  • It was first launched in 2010.
  • It constructs a deprivation profile of each household and person through 10 indicators spanning health, education and standard of living and includes both incidence as well as intensity of poverty.


Q1) What is the role of the United Nations Development Programme?

UNDP works to eradicate poverty and reduce inequalities through the sustainable development of nations, in more than 170 countries and territories.

Source: 415 million Indians came out of multidimensional poverty in 15 years, says UNDP study