Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) 2024

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Overview:

Nearly 282 million people faced high levels of acute food insecurity in 59 countries in 2023, according to the 2024 Global Report on Food Crisis (GRFC), released recently.

About Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) 2024:

  • GRFC is produced annually by the Food Security Information Network(FSIN) and launched by the Global Network Against Food Crises, a multi stake holder initiative that includes United Nations agencies, the European Union, the United States Agency for International Development, and non-governmental agencies working to tackle food crises.
  • Highlights of GRFC 2024:
    • The report analyzed a population of 1.3 billion in 2023 across 59 countries
    • 2023 was the fifth consecutive yearof rises in the number of people suffering acute food insecurity, defined as when populations face food deprivation that threatens lives or livelihoods, regardless of the causes or length of time.
    • Nearly 282 million people faced high levels of acute food insecurity in 59 countries in 2023.
    • The report identifies conflicts, extreme weather events, and economic shocks as the three main drivers behind the exacerbation of food crises in the world.
    • With food crisis escalating alarmingly in conflict hotspots in 2023, notably Palestine (Gaza Strip) and Sudan, conflict / insecurity became the primary driver in 20 countries, directly affecting 135 million people.
  • The Gaza Strip became the area with the most severe food crisis in the last eight years of GRFC reporting. 
  • Sudan is facing one of the worst food crises in the world, with almost a third of the population in need of emergency food aid
    • Meanwhile, weather extremes were the main driver for 18 countries, with over 72 million people facing high levels of acute food insecurity because of such extreme weather events.
    • The 10 countries with the world’s largest food crisis in 2023 were the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Sudan, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Yemen, the Syrian Arab Republic, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Myanmar.
    • On a positive note, the situation improved in 17 countries in 2023, including the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ukraine.

Q1: What is the Food Security Information Network (FSIN)?

The Food Security Information Network (FSIN) is a global initiative co-sponsored by FAO, WFP and IFPRI to strengthen food and nutrition security information systems for producing reliable and accurate data to guide analysis and decision-making. FSIN serves as a neutral technical platform for exchanging expertise, knowledge and best practices, developing harmonized methods and tools, and facilitating capacity development on food and nutrition security measurement and analysis.

Source: Global food crisis: 1 in 5 people in need of urgent action