Global Slavery Index 2023

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According to Global Slavery Index 2023, on any given day in 2021, as many as 50 million people were living in “modern slavery”.

About Global Slavery Index 2023:

  • It is the fifth edition of the Global Slavery Index and is based on the 2022 estimates.
  • The index presents a global picture of modern slavery. 
  • It is constructed by Walk Free, a human rights organisation and is based on data provided by the Global Estimates of Modern Slavery, which, in turn, is produced by the International Labour Organization (ILO), Walk Free, and International Organization for Migration (IOM).

What are the country-wise findings?

  • There are three sets of key findings.
    • The worst offenders are countries like North Korea, Eritrea Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Turkey Tajikistan.
    • Lowest prevalence: Switzerland, Norway, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden
    • Maximum number of people living in modern slavery: India, China, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia Indonesia

What is Modern slavery?

  • It refers to situations of exploitation that a person cannot refuse or leave because of threats, violence, coercion, deception, or abuses of power. 
  • It is an umbrella term and includes a whole variety of abuses such as forced labour, forced marriage, debt bondage, sexual exploitation, human trafficking, slavery-like practices, forced or servile marriage, and the sale and exploitation of children.


Q1) What is ILO?

ILO stands for the International Labour Organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labor-related issues, promoting social justice and decent work opportunities for all. The ILO was founded in 1919 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

Source: ExplainSpeaking | Global Slavery Index: What is it, where does India rank, and what ails with this index