Guindy National Park

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Overview:

Guindy National Park teeming with blackbuck and birds which is one of the very few national parks situated in an Indian city.

About Guindy National Park

  • It is India’s eighth-smallest national park and one of the very few national parks located inside a city.
  • It is located in the heart of Chennai’s metropolitan area of Tamil Nadu.
  • It is one of the last remnants of the tropical dry evergreen forests of the Coromandel Coast.
  • Flora: Tropical dry evergreen forest, Scrub and thorn forests.
  • Fauna: Blackbuck, Toddy cat, Civet cat, Jungle cat, Pangolin, Hedgehog, Shrew and black-naped hare etc.

Key points about the tropical dry evergreen forests of India

  • The Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest is a unique forest found only in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
  • The dissymmetric climatic condition of this region, where rainfall occurs both during summer and winter monsoons and extended the dry season from March to September, favours the development and sustenance of the Tropical Dry Evergreen forest in this narrow strip.
  • It looks like a scrub-woodland or an opportunistic assemblage of species adapted to local microclimatic conditions.
  • It is known to have a mixture of trees, shrubs, climbers, grasses and herbs.

Q1) What are National parks?

These are protected areas designated by governments to conserve and protect natural landscapes, ecosystems, and wildlife. These areas are often established to preserve the natural beauty and ecological diversity of a region, provide opportunities for outdoor recreation and education, and promote scientific research.

Source: Guindy National Park teeming with blackbuck and birds