Goan cashew

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Recently, Goan cashew (kernel) got the geographical indication (GI) tag.

About Goan cashew:

  • Cashew is one of the most important plantation crops in India
  • Cashew was native to northeast Brazil in Latin America and was introduced to Goa by the Portuguese in the 16th century (1570).
  • At the time of its introduction on Indian coasts, cashew was known mainly as a crop for afforestation and soil conservation. 
  • In the state of Goa, it occupies the largest area among horticultural crops.
  • Climatic condition
  • Soil and climate: Well-drained deep sandy loam soils are the best for growing cashew. In general, all soils from sandy to laterite are well suited for this crop.
  • It is very well adapted to Indian coastal area under hot humid conditions
  • Temperature: In the range of 20 to38 o C, relative humidity in the range of 60 to95 % .
  • Rainfall: Annual precipitation in the range of 2000 to 3500mm.
  • Extreme low temperature and frost are not conducive to raise cashew plantations.
  • The cultivation of this crop is being extended to non-traditional areas in the plains of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh and some parts of North East hill region.

Q1:What is a geographical indication tag?

A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.

SourceWhat the GI tag can mean for the cashew industry in Goa