Gulf of Oman

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Iran's navy recently seized a Marshall Islands-flagged oil tanker with 24 Indian crew members in the Gulf of Oman.

About Gulf of Oman:

  • The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman, also known as the Gulf of Makran or Sea of Makran, forms the only entrance to the Persian Gulf from the Indian Ocean.
  • It connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then empties into the Persian Gulf.
  • Bordering Countries: It is bordered by Pakistan and Iran in the north, by the United Arab Emirates in the west and by Oman in the south.
  • The gulf is relatively shallow because of its origin as a fissure in the mountain spine now divided between Iran and Oman. 
  • The Gulf of Oman is about 320 km wide at its widest point between Cape al-Hadd in Oman and Gwadar Bay on the Iran-Pakistan border. It narrows to 35 miles (56 km) at the Strait of Hormuz.
  • It is approximately 560 km long.
  • Some of the significant islands that are located in the Gulf of Oman include Sheytan Island, Al Fahal Island, Dimaniyat Islands, and the Sawadi Islands.
  • The major international shipping ports that are situated in the Gulf of Oman include Port Sultan Qaboos Muttrah in Muscat, Oman; Chabahar Port in Iran; the Port of Fujairah and Khor Fakkan Container Terminal in the United Arab Emirates.
  • Roughly one-third of the world's oil is exported via the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman.


Q1) What is a Gulf?

A gulf is a portion of the ocean that penetrates land. Gulfs vary greatly in size, shape, and depth. They are generally larger and more deeply indented than bays. Like bays, they often make excellent harbors. Many important trading centers are located on gulfs.

Source: Iran's navy seizes oil tanker with 24 Indian crew members near Oman, heading for Houston