Guru Teg Bahadur

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Recently, the Prime Minister of India paid tributes to Sri Guru Teg Bahadur on his martyrdom day.

About Guru Teg Bahadur

  • Guru Teg Bahadur’s name earlier was Teyag Mal.
  • He was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.
  • His father and the sixth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Hargobind Sahib (1595-1644) changed the name to Teg Bahadur.
  • He got his name from his fighting and sword skills on the battlefield.
  • Works
    • He built the city of Anandpur Sahib (in Rupnagar/Ropar district, on the edge of Shivalik Hills, near the Sutlej River, in Punjab). Here the last two Sikh Gurus lived and where Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa Panth in 1699.
    • He contributed more than 100 poetic hymns to Granth Sahib which cover various topics, such as the nature of God, human attachments, body, mind, dignity, service etc.
    • He was instrumental in the conciliation between Raja Bishan Singh and Raja Paranpal, thus avoiding a war.
  • He was first arrested by the Mughals on the orders of Aurangzeb in 1665.
  • Martyrdom:
    • He was publicly beheaded in 1675 on the orders of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi.
    • His martyrdom is remembered as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur every year on 24 November, according to the Nanakshahi calendar released by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee in 2003.

Q1) What is Adi Granth?

It is the sacred scripture of Sikhism, a religion of India. It is a collection of nearly 6,000 hymns of the Sikh Gurus (religious leaders).The Adi Granth is the central object of worship in all gurdwaras (Sikh temples) and is accorded the reverence paid to a living Guru. 

Source: Guru Teg Bahadur’s valiant life and death, and why there’s confusion over his martyrdom date