Gutti Koya Tribe

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Overview:

Gutti Koya tribes people erect stone memorials in the event of death of their three most important service providers namely physician, priest and village leader.

About Gutti Koya Tribe:

 

  • The Koya population is concentrated in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
  • They speak Koya, which is a Dravidian language.
  • The most important fair celebrated by Koyas is the Sammakka Saralamma Jatra once in two years on full moon day of the Magha Masam (January or February) at Medaram village in Mulug taluk of Warangal district.
  • They practice Podu form of shifting cultivation, as practiced by various tribal groups in forest areas has for long been an economic survival versus environmental sustenance issue.
  • The held ST status in Chattisgarh but they were not granted ST status in their migrated states such as Telangana.
  • They earn a living through animal husbandry and minor forest produce.

 


Q1) What are the traits of Tribes?

Tribes are social groups or communities of people who share common ancestry, cultural traditions, language, and often territory. They are considered distinct from the wider society or nation-state in which they reside. Tribal communities have their own systems of governance, social structures, and cultural practices that are often different from those of the dominant society.

Source: In Red Corridor along A.P.-Chhattisgarh border, a tribe keeps its customs, memories alive