Hindu Kush Himalayas

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According to a new report from International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) have seen a 65 per cent faster loss of glacier mass

About Hindu Kush Himalayas:

  • The Hindu-Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region encompasses Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • It is considered the Third Pole (after the North and South Poles) and has significant implications for climate.
  • It contains the largest volume of ice and snow outside of the Arctic and Antarctica.
  • The ice and snow from this region are an important source of water for 12 rivers that flow through 16 countries in Asia.

Key facts about International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

  • It is an intergovernmental knowledge and learning centre working on behalf of the people of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH).
  • It is based in Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • It works for eight regional member countries – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan.
  • Functions
    • It serves the region through information and knowledge generation and sharing to find innovative solutions to critical mountain problems.
    • It bridges science with policies and on-the-ground practices.
    • It provides a regional platform where experts, planners, policymakers, and practitioners can exchange ideas and perspectives towards the achievement of sustainable mountain development. 


Q1) What is a glacier?

A glacier is a large, persistent mass of ice that forms over long periods of time from accumulated snowfall. It is a key component of the Earth's cryosphere, which includes all the frozen water on the planet. Glaciers can be found in polar regions, high mountain ranges, and some parts of the world's higher latitudes.

Source: Hindu Kush Himalayas are changing. Ramp up adaptation, urges ICIMOD