Homage paid to Chaolung Sukapha on Assam Divas

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On the occasion of Assam Day, or “Asom Diwas”, celebrated every year on December 2, tributes poured in for Swargadeo Chaolung Sukapha.


  • The Assam day is also known as "Sukapha Diwas" in honour of the founder of the Ahom kingdom.
  • He was a 13th-century ruler who founded the Ahom kingdom that ruled Assam for six centuries.
  • It was in Charaideo that Sukapha established his first small principality, sowing the seeds of further expansion of the Ahom kingdom.
  • Why is Sukapha important?
    • Sukapha’s significance lies in his successful efforts towards assimilation of different communities and tribes.
    • He is widely referred to as the architect of “Bor Asom” or “greater Assam”.
    • Sukapha developed very amiable relationships with the tribal communities living in Assam — especially the Sutias, the Morans and the Kacharis.
    • Intermarriage also increased assimilation processes.
  • Ahoms:
    • The founders of the Ahom kingdom had their own language and followed their own religion. Over the centuries, the Ahoms accepted the Hindu religion and the Assamese language.
    • Today, the Ahom community is estimated to number between 4 million and 5 million.


Q1) Where did Sukapha establish the first capital of ahom kingdom?

On December 2, 1228, Sukaphaa arrived in modern-day Namrup and laid the foundation of Ahom Dynasty, establishing the capital at Charaideo, where he made friends with the indigenous Barahi and Marans tribes.

Source: All India Radio