India’s External affairs minister recently met his Myanmar counterpart and discussed expediting projects, especially the India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway.
About India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway
- It is a significant regional connectivity project that aims to establish a road link between India, Myanmar, and Thailand.
- The highway will span a distance of approximately 1,360 kilometers (845 miles), starting from Moreh in Manipur, India, and passing through Myanmar before reaching Mae Sot in Thailand.
- It was first proposed by former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee and was approved at a ministerial-level meeting between India, Myanmar and Thailand in April 2002.
- The construction of the India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway began in 2012 and is being implemented in several phases.
- The India-Myanmar Friendship Road forms the first segment of the IMT Highway. It runs from the border at Tamu/Moreh to Kalemyo and Kalewa.
- Implementing agencies: On the Indian side, the project is being implemented by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) with the cooperation of its counterparts in Myanmar and Thailand and budgetary allocation from the Ministry of Finance.
Q1) What is the Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project?
Kaladan Project would link India and Myanmar via the Bay of Bengal. It was jointly identified by India and Myanmar to create a multi-modal mode of transport for the shipment of cargo from the eastern ports of India to Myanmar as well as to the North-Eastern part of India through Myanmar. It is being constructed by India under the Grant in Aid Scheme. Once completed, it will link Kolkata with the Sittwe seaport in Rakhine state in Myanmar, primarily over the Bay of Bengal – covering over 500 km.