Indian Laurel Tree

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Overview:

Recently, forest department authorities in Andhra Pradesh's Alluri Sitharama Raju district cut the bark of an Indian laurel tree, with water gushing out.

About Indian laurel tree:

  • Scientific name: Terminalia elliptica (syn. T. tomentosa)
  • Other names: Asna; saj or saaj; Indian laurel; marutham (Tamil); matti (Kannada); ain (Marathi); taukkyan (Burma); asana (Sri Lanka); and casually crocodile bark because of the characteristic bark pattern.
  • Habitat: It is mainly found in both dry and moist deciduous forests in southern India up to 1000 m. 
  • Distribution: It is principally native to southern and Southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
  • Application:
    • The wood of this tree is used for furniture, cabinetwork, joinery, paneling, specialty items, boat-building, railroad cross-ties (treated), decorative veneers and for musical instruments (e.g. for guitar fretboard).
    • Its leaves are used as food by Antheraea paphia (silkworms) which produce the tussar silk (Tussah), a form of commercially important wild silk.
    • The bark is used medicinally against diarrhoea. Oxalic acid can be extracted from it.
    • The bark and especially the fruit yield pyrogallol and catechol to dye and tan leather.

Q1) What are Deciduous Forests?

A deciduous forest is a biome dominated by deciduous trees which lose their leaves seasonally. The Earth has temperate deciduous forests, and tropical and subtropical deciduous forests, also known as dry forests.

Source : Andhra forest officials hack into tree, water gushes out