Indian Laurel Tree

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Indian Laurel Tree Blog Image


Recently, forest department authorities in Andhra Pradesh's Alluri Sitharama Raju district cut the bark of an Indian laurel tree, with water gushing out.

About Indian laurel tree:

  • Scientific name: Terminalia elliptica (syn. T. tomentosa)
  • Other names: Asna; saj or saaj; Indian laurel; marutham (Tamil); matti (Kannada); ain (Marathi); taukkyan (Burma); asana (Sri Lanka); and casually crocodile bark because of the characteristic bark pattern.
  • Habitat: It is mainly found in both dry and moist deciduous forests in southern India up to 1000 m. 
  • Distribution: It is principally native to southern and Southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
  • Application:
    • The wood of this tree is used for furniture, cabinetwork, joinery, paneling, specialty items, boat-building, railroad cross-ties (treated), decorative veneers and for musical instruments (e.g. for guitar fretboard).
    • Its leaves are used as food by Antheraea paphia (silkworms) which produce the tussar silk (Tussah), a form of commercially important wild silk.
    • The bark is used medicinally against diarrhoea. Oxalic acid can be extracted from it.
    • The bark and especially the fruit yield pyrogallol and catechol to dye and tan leather.

Q1) What are Deciduous Forests?

A deciduous forest is a biome dominated by deciduous trees which lose their leaves seasonally. The Earth has temperate deciduous forests, and tropical and subtropical deciduous forests, also known as dry forests.

Source : Andhra forest officials hack into tree, water gushes out