Recently, India has achieved much-needed success in its indigenous technology cruise missile (ITCM) programme by missile test-firing from launchpad No- 3 of Chandipur in the Balasore district.
About Indigenous Technology Cruise Missile:
- It was tested on the subsonic cruise missile Nirbhay platform from launching complex III of the integrated test range (ITR).
- It was equipped with the indigenously developed small turbofan engine (STFE) Manik and an upgraded radio frequency seeker, the missile was test fired for a reduced range.
- The domestic Manik engine with a thrust rating of 450 kgf has been designed and developed by Bengaluru-based Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE) for cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles.
- It is a generic twin-spool engine without an afterburner.
What is a Nirbhay missile?
- Nirbhay is a Long-Range Sub-Sonic Cruise Missile, which can be deployed from multiple platforms.
- It is capable of loitering and cruising at Mach 0.7 (sub-sonic) at an altitude as low as 100 meters. It can carry a nuclear warhead.
- Developed by: It has been indigenously designed & developed by Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO).
Q1) What is a Cruise Missile?
A cruise missile is an unmanned self-propelled (till the time of impact) guided vehicle that sustains flight through aerodynamic lift for most of its flight path and whose primary mission is to place an ordinance in a target.