Key Facts about Indrayani River

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The recent reappearance of toxic foam on the Indrayani river once again raised concerns about pollution here.

About Indrayani River

  • It is a tributary of the Bhima River, which again is a tributary of the Krishna River.
  • Course:
    • It originates in Kurvande village near Lonavla, a hill station in the Sahyadri mountains of Maharashtra.
    • Fed by rain, it flows east from there to meet the Bhima River.
    • It follows a course mostly north of the city of Pune.
  • The river has great religious importance, and the two sacred towns of Alandi and Dehu are situated on its banks.
  • Dehu is known to be a sacred place for being the hometown of the poet Saint Tukaram, who was a popular saint of Maharashtra, and Alandi holds the samadhi of the poet Dnyaneshwar.
  • Valvan Dam at Kamshet, situated on the Indrayani River, is a hydroelectric generating station.

Key Facts about Bhima River

  • The Bhima River (also known as the Chandrabagha River) is a major river in southwest India.
  • It is a major tributary of the Krishna River.
  • Course:
    • It originates in the Bhimashankar hills near Karjat on the western side of the Western Ghats, in the Pune District of Maharashtra.
    • Bhima flows southeast through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Telangana.
    • The Bhima River merges into the Krishna River at Kadlur (Raichur) in Karnataka.
  • This 861 km-long river has the Western Ghats on the west, the Balaghat Range in the north, and the Mahadeo Hills in the south.
  • The total basin area of the river is 48,631 sq. km, out of which 75 percent lie in the state of Maharashtra.
  • Major tributaries are the Sina and Nira rivers.
  • Pandharpur is an important pilgrimage centre located on the right bank of the Bhima River.

Q1) Which are the major tributaries of Krishna River?

The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.

Source: Toxic foam on Indrayani river again, official inaction blamed