What is International Air Transport Association (IATA)?

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Overview:

India is set to host the second Asia Pacific (APAC) ministerial conference on civil aviation, which will be jointly organised by the Indian government and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) APAC.

About International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO):

  • ICAO is an intergovernmental specialized agency of the United Nations (UN)
  • It was established in 1947 by the Convention on International Civil Aviation (1944), known as the Chicago Convention.
  • Headquarters: Montreal, Canada
  • ICAO was created to promote the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation throughout the world. 
  • It sets standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency, and regularity, as well as for aviation environmental protection
  • It serves as the forum for cooperation in all fields of civil aviation among its 193 member states. 
  • The organization also promotes regional and international agreements aimed at liberalizing aviation markets and helps establish legal standards.
  • It has several component bodies:
    • an Assembly of delegates from all member countries that meets every three years
    • a Council of representatives from 36 member states, elected by and responsible to the Assembly, that sits in continuous session at ICAO headquarters
    • an Air Navigation Commission appointed by the Council for addressing technical matters, and
    • various standing committees, including a Committee on Joint Support of Air Navigation Services and a Finance Committee.
    • The ICAO’s Secretariat is headed by a secretary-general selected by the Council for a three-year term.

Q1: What is the Chicago Convention?

The Chicago Convention (also known as the Convention on International Civil Aviation), established the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel; it also exempts air fuels from tax. The Convention was signed by 52 states on 7 December 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, U.S., and came into effect on 4 April 1947.

Source: India to host 2nd Asia Pacific ministerial conference on civil aviation in Sept