International Labour Day, popularly known as International Workers' Day or May Day is observed on May 01 every year.
About International Labour Day:
- It is celebrated every year on 1 May to commemorate the struggles and sacrifices of the workers' and labours' movement.
- It is also known as May Day.
- It is celebrated in more than 80 countries, including India, Cuba, and China
- People in different parts of the world hold marches on this day to promote the rights of working-class people and to protect them from exploitation.
- The tradition of Labour Day dates back to 19th century America.
- On May 1st, 1886, workers in Chicago organized a strike to demand an eight-hour workday.
- However, workers across the US came together to demand their rights and to fight for better working conditions after a bomb exploded at a labour rally in Haymarket Square in Chicago, USA.
- In 1889, the International congress of socialist parties met in Paris and decided to celebrate Labour Day or Worker's Day on May 1.
- India connection:
- The first labour day was celebrated in India on May 1, 1923, in Chennai.
- The first May Day celebrations were organized by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan.
- It is celebrated by many different names in the various Indian states. For example, It is known as Kamgar Din in Hindi, Karmikara Dinacharane in Kannada, and Karmika Dinotsavam in Telugu.
Q1) What is the Haymarket affair?
Haymarket Affair, also called Haymarket Riot or Haymarket Massacre, violent confrontation between police and labour protesters in Chicago on May 4, 1886, that became a symbol of the international struggle for workers’ rights. It has been associated with May Day (May 1) since that day’s designation as International Workers’ Day by the Second International in 1889.