International Migration Outlook 2023

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Overview:

Recently, the ‘International Migration Outlook 2023’ was released by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Key findings of International Migration Outlook 2023

  • India saw the highest migration flows to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries in 2021 and 2022.
  • In terms of nationalities, 0.13 million Indian citizens acquired the nationality of an OECD country in 2021.
  • Inflows of refugees from Ukraine reached the highest level on record, OECD-wide, due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war; more than 10 million people have become either internally displaced or refugees in the OECD region.
  • In terms of workers, migration flows from India (+172 per cent), Uzbekistan (+122 per cent) and Turkey (+240 per cent) rose sharply, making them primary countries of origin after Ukraine.

Key facts about OECD 

  • It is an international organisation of 38 countries committed to democracy and the market economy.
  • Its members are typically democratic countries that support free-market economies.
  • It was established on Dec. 14, 1960, by 18 European nations, plus the United States and Canada.
  • Goal: To shape policies that foster prosperity, equality, opportunity and well-being for all.
  • It publishes economic reports, statistical databases, analyses, and forecasts on the outlook for economic growth worldwide.
  • The organization also seeks to eliminate bribery and other financial crime worldwide.
  • It maintains a so-called "black list" of nations that are considered uncooperative tax havens.
  • India is one of the many non-member economies with which the OECD has working relationships in addition to its member countries. 
  • Headquarters: Paris, France.

Q1) What is Migration?

It refers to the movement of people from one place to another, typically involving a change in their permanent or semi-permanent residence. This movement can occur within a single country or across international borders. Migration can be driven by a variety of factors, including economic, social, political, environmental, and personal reasons.

Source: Nearly half a million Indians migrated to OECD countries in 2021: Report