International Organization for Migration

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Amy Pope elected next Director General of the International Organization for Migration


  • What it is? Established in 1951, IOM is the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.
  • History: It was born in 1951 out of the chaos and displacement of Western Europe following the Second World War.
  • Status: IOM was granted Permanent Observer status to the UN General Assembly in 1992, and a cooperation agreement between IOM and the UN was signed in 1996.
  • Members: With 175 member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It does so by providing services and advice to governments and migrants. India is a member of IOM.
  • IOM works in the four broad areas of migration management:
    • Migration and development
    • Facilitating migration
    • Regulating migration
    • Forced migration.


Q1) Why did Japan bomb Pearl Harbour?

Japan intended the attack as a preventive action. Its aim was to prevent the United States Pacific Fleet from interfering with its planned military actions in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and those of the United States.

Source: Amy Pope Elected Next Director General of the International Organization for Migration