What is Interpol’s Red Corner Notice?

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What is Interpol’s Red Corner Notice? Blog Image

Overview:

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) recently said it has brought back an absconding life convict, against whom there was a Red Corner Notice (RCN) in a murder case.

About Interpol’s Red Corner Notice

  • Criminals or suspects often flee a country to evade facing justice.
  • A Red Corner Notice also called a Red Notice (RN), is a request to law enforcements worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest such fugitives.
  • It alerts the police forces across the world about these fugitives who are wanted internationally. 
  • A RN contains information that helps identify the wanted person, including name, date of birth, nationality, physical attributes like colour of hair, eyes, etc., along with pictures and biometric information.
  • It also includes information about the crimes that they are wanted for. 
  • Interpol issues a RN at the request of a member country. 
  • The country which issues the request need not be the home country of the fugitive.
  • Interpol acts at the request of the country where the alleged crime is committed.
  • A RN request can also be raised by International Criminal courts and Tribunals.
  • It is not an international arrest warrant. It is a request to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action.
  • Interpol cannot compel the law enforcements authorities in any of the countries to arrest someone who has a RN issued. Each member country determines on the legal value it gives to a RN. 

Key Facts about Interpol

  • The International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO), commonly known as Interpol, is an inter-governmental organization that facilitates international police cooperation to control crime.
  • It has 195 member countries, with its headquarters in Lyon, France. 
  • Each of the member countries has an Interpol National Central Bureau (NCB).
    • They facilitate the respective country’s national law enforcement with other countries and with the General Secretariat, which is Interpol’s body that coordinates its policing and administrative activities. 
    • CBI represents Interpol in India as the country's NCB.'
  • Interpol helps coordinate police networks & experts in different crime areas to control crime.
  • All the member countries are connected through Interpol’s communication system, called I-24/7.
    • This secure network is used by member countries to contact each other and allows them to access Interpol’s databases. 
  • Interpol manages 19 databases, which include information on varied crimes and criminals and are available real-time to countries.
  • It offers investigative support, including forensic analysis, locating fugitives across the world, etc. 

Q1) What is the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)?

It is the premier investigative agency in India, with a dual responsibility to investigate grievous cases and provide leadership and direction in fighting corruption to the police force across the country. The establishment of the CBI was recommended by the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption (1962–1964). It is not a statutory body, as it was set up by a resolution (1963) of the Ministry of Home Affairs. It derives its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.It is also the nodal police agency in India that coordinates investigations on behalf of Interpol member countries.

Source: Absconding murder convict with Interpol Red Notice brought back from UAE: CBI