Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

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Overview:

Under Azadi ka Amrit Kaal, JJM celebrates a new milestone of ensuring safe and clean drinking water through taps to more than 12 Crore rural households of the country.

About Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM):

  • Mission Objective: To ensure HarGharJal (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024 under the Jal Jeevan Mission.
    • As on date, 5 States (Goa, Telangana, Haryana, Gujarat and Punjab) and 3 UTs (Puducherry, D&D and D&NH and A&N Islands), have reported 100% coverage. Himachal Pradesh at 98.35%, followed by Bihar at 96.05%, are also poised to achieve saturation in the near future.
    • Working on the motto of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas aur Sabka Prayas, Jal Jeevan Mission is marching towards achieving the SDG 6, i.e., safe and affordable water to all, through provision of safe water through taps to all households, schools, anganwadis and other public institutions, in rural areas.
  • Executing agency: Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Mantralaya.
  • Strategy:
    • This Mission will focus on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
    • The Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.
  • Funding Pattern:
    • The fund sharing pattern is in the proportion of:
    • 50:50 between Centre and States,
    • 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States.
    • In case of UTs, 100% funding is provided by the Central government.

 


Q1) How does groundwater recharge work?

Natural groundwater recharge occurs as precipitation falls on the land surface, infiltrates into soils, and moves through pore spaces down to the water table. Natural recharge also can occur as surface-water leakage from rivers, streams, lakes, and wetlands.

Source: Jal Jeevan Mission Achieves Milestone Of 12 Crore Tap Water Connections