Key Facts on Jhelum River

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Key Facts on Jhelum River Blog Image


The water level of Jhelum and its tributaries have fallen drastically owing to dry weather conditions prevalent in Kashmir Valley.

About Jhelum River:

  • It is a river that flows in India and Pakistan.
  • It is a tributary of the Indus River.
  • The Jhelum (Vyeth in KashmiriVetesta in Sanskrit and Hydaspes in Greek) is the main waterway of the Kashmir valley.
  • It is the largest and most western of the five rivers of Punjab and passes through the Jhelum District in the North of Punjab province, Pakistan.
  • Course:
    • Origin: It originates at the Verinag Spring at Anantnag, at the foot of the Pir Panjal range in the Kashmir Valley.
    • It then flows via Srinagar and Wular Lake prior to entering Pakistan.
    • The river makes a deep, narrow gorge on its way to Pakistan.
    • It joins the Chenab River near Trimmu, Pakistan.
    • Length: It has a total length of about 725 km (450 mi).
  • Major Tributaries:
    • The largest tributary of the Jhelum is the Kishenganga (Neelum) River, which joins near Muzaffarabad and enters the Punjab province, Pakistan.  
    • Kunhar River is the second largest tributary of the river, which connects Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Pakistan on the Kohala Bridge of Kanghan valley.
    • Other tributaries include Sandran River, Bringi River, Arapath River, Watlara River, Lidder River and Veshaw River.


Q1) Which are the main tributaries of the Indus River?

The Indus receives its most-notable tributaries from the eastern Punjab Plain. These five rivers—the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej—give the name Punjab (“Five Rivers”) to the region divided between Pakistan and India.

Source: The Importance Of Saving Water: A Reminder As Water Level In Jhelum Drops Below Zero Mark