Joha Rice

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Overview:

Recently, scientists at the Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST), an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology explored the nutraceutical properties of aromatic Joha rice.

About Joha Rice: 

  • It is an indigenous rice of Assam.
  • It is unique in aroma and grain characteristics and distinct from other aromatic rice like Basmati
  • It is grown in Sali/ Kharif season.
  • Major Joha varieties included in this are Kola Joha, Keteki Joha, Bokul Joha and Kunkuni Joha.
  • This rice is also rich in several antioxidants, flavonoids, and phenolics.
  • It has got Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  • A recent study revealed that;
    • This rice variety has two unsaturated fatty acids viz., linoleic acid (omega-6) and linolenic (omega-3) acid.
    • These essential fatty acids (which humans cannot produce) can help maintain various physiological conditions.
    • Omega-3 fatty acid prevents several metabolic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer.
    • It has also proved to be effective in lowering blood glucose and preventing diabetes onset in diabetic rats.

Key Facts about Diabetes

  • It is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
  • Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose.
  • It is a Non-Communicable Disease (NCD).

 


Q1) What are Unsaturated fatty acids?

Unsaturated fatty acids are a type of fat molecule that contain one or more double bonds between carbon atoms in their hydrocarbon chain. These double bonds create kinks or bends in the fatty acid structure, which affect their physical properties and have implications for human health.

Source: Joha rice -- the Nutraceutical of choice in diabetes management