Bihar is set to get a second tiger reserve in Kaimur district (Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary) by the end of the year or early 2024.
About Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary:
- It is the largest sanctuary located in the Kaimur District of Bihar.
- It is nestling in the Vindhayachal hill ranges.
- The Sanctuary forms a very important catchment to Kav, Sone and Durgawati river systems with important tributaries.
- It is connected with Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary of UP, which again has links with Sanjay Dubri Tiger Reserve and Panna landscape in Madhya Pradesh through stepping stone forests of Marihan, Sukrit, Chunar ranges and wildlife sanctuaries of Ranipur (UP).
- Vegetation: This region has a thick covering of mosaic prairie, tropical dry deciduous backwoods, and swampy bogs.
- Fauna: The main animals found are Bengal tigers, Indian leopards, Indian boars, sloth bears, sambar deers, chitals, four-horned antelope and nilgais.
- Flora: The plants found here include Salai (BoswelliaSerrata), Siddha, Indian Rosewood (Sheesham), Jamun, Teak, Koraiya,Saal, and Jheengarare some species of plant life.
Q1) What are Tropical dry deciduous forests?
Tropical dry deciduous forests are a type of terrestrial ecosystem found in regions with a distinct wet and dry season, typically within tropical and subtropical regions. These forests are characterized by trees that shed their leaves during the dry season to conserve water, and they regrow their leaves when the wet season returns.