Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

The Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court recently ordered notice to the State on a public interest litigation petition that sought a direction to restrict the entry of outsiders and vehicles inside Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.

About Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve:

  • Location: It is located in the Southern Western Ghats in the Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu. 
  • It was established as a Tiger Reseve in 1988.
  • This reserve is a mixture of three main sanctuariesKalakad Sanctuary, Mundanthurai Sanctuary, and a part of Kanyakumari Sanctuary.
  • Nestled between Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the Agastya Malai Hill Range forms the core area of the sanctuary and is part of one of the world's 18 biodiversity hotspots
  • The reserve is also known as the “River Sanctuary”, with as many as 14 rivers originating from this Tiger Reserve.
  • Terrain: Undulating with several valleys and porous rocks.
  • Vegetation:
    • It varies from thorny shrub jungles to lush evergreen forests.
    • In addition to forests, savannah woodlands, and grasslandsthere are tea and coffee plantations within the reserve.
    • Flora: Important species include Sarcandra, Paphiopedulum, druryi, Hopea parviflora, Hopea utilis, Calophylum elatum, Cullenia exarillata, etc.
  • FaunaTiger, leopard, rusty spotted cat, wild dog, sloth bear, elephant, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, mouse deer, nilgiri langur, slender loris, bonnet macaque, lion tailed macaque, etc.

 


Q1) What is a Public Interest Litigation (PIL)?

According to the Supreme Court (in Janata Dal v. H.S.Chaudhary, 1993) Public Interest Litigation (PIL)  means a legal action started in a court of law for the enforcement of public/general interest where the public or a particular class of the public have some interest (including pecuniary interest) that affects their legal rights or liabilities.Public Interest is the interest belonging to a particular class of the community that affects their legal rights or liabilities.

Source: Plea to restrict entry of outsiders inside Kalakkad - Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve to protect flora, fauna