Kalesar National Park

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Overview:

A tiger was recently spotted in a camera trap at Kalesar National Park in Haryana’s Yamunanagar district.

Why in News?

  • The last sighting of a tiger in the Kalesar area was in 1913. Thus, the recent sight of the tiger in the Kalesar area is after a gap of 110 years.

About Kalesar National Park:

  • Location:
    • It is located in Yamunanagar District of Haryana.
    • It is situated in the foothills of the Shiwalik ranges of the Himalayas.
  • It was declared a National Park on 8th December 2003.
  • Boundaries:
    • River Yamuna lies to its east.
    • Rajaji National Park, which is located in Uttrakhand, lies to the northeast of the park.
    • Simbalbara National Park nestled in Shivalik Hills lies to the north, sharing a border with Himachal Pradesh.
    • Morni Hills lies to the west.
  • The park was named after a temple (known as Kalesar Mahadev temple) located inside the premise of the park.
  • In earlier times, rulers under the Mughal and British Raj used the now park as hunting grounds.
  • The park is also famous for its Dak bungalows – the administrative architectural bungalows built in colonial times.
  • Flora:
    • Most of the forest is covered by tall and dense sal trees.
    • Other trees that are found in the forest are Semul, Bahera, Amaltas, Shisham, Khair, Sain, Chhal and Jhingan.
  • Fauna: It houses many threatened animals like leopards, Ghoral, Barking deer, Sambar, Chital, Python, King Cobra, Monitor lizard etc.

 


Q1) What are Dak bungalows?

Dak bungalows were a convenience for British officers detailed to set up and maintain outposts of the East India Company throughout India in the 19th century. And these were staging points for mail runners of the Imperial Mail Service, and makeshift court houses for proceedings in remote areas.

Source: ‘After 110 years’: Tiger spotted at Kalesar National Park in Yamunanagar