Kali Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) recently written to the Chief Wildlife Warden of Karnataka to furnish a status report on an illegal resort in the Castle Rock Wildlife Range of the Kali Tiger Reserve (KTR).

About Kali Tiger Reserve:

  • Location:
    • Kali Tiger Reserve, earlier known as Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve is located in Uttara Kannada District of Karnataka State
    • This belt of Uttara Kannada district is a part of the Western Ghats.
  • The Tiger Reserve comprises of two important protected areas of the region viz., Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary and Anshi National Park. 
  • Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary (475.018 sq km) and Anshi National Park (339.866 sq km) are contiguous to each other and form a single tract of protected area located in biologically sensitive Western Ghats.
  • River: Kali River, which forms the major source of water for Uttara Kannada, flows through the tiger reserve and hence the name.
  • Vegetation: Forests  are primarily moist deciduous and semi-evergreen, with excellent patches of evergreen forests in the westernmost parts as well as in deep valleys. 
  • Flora: Some common trees and plants here include: bintangur, Calophyllum wightianum, Malabar tamarind, Garcinia morella, Knema attenuata, Hopea wightiana, Tetrameles nudiflora etc.
  • Fauna:
    • It is known for housing many tigers, black panthers and elephants.
    • Other large mammals here are Indian bison, sloth bear, Indian wild boar, bonnet macaque, northern plains gray langur, gray slender loris, several deer including: barking deer (muntjac), mouse deer (chevrotain), sambar deer and spotted deer (chital or axis deer).

 


Q1) What is the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)?

The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation.

Source: NTCA steps in over illegal resort in Kali Tiger Reserve