Kalibr Missile

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Overview:

A Russian submarine recently used a Kalibr cruise missile in the Sea of Japan to hit a land target over 1,000 kilometers in a drill.

Why in News?

  • Kalibr missiles have been used by Russia to attack targets in Ukraine.
  • Russia targeted Ukraine power stations by launching Kalibr missiles from submarines and ships in the Black Sea. 

About Kalibr Missile:

  • It is a Russian family of the ship-, submarine-, surface- and air-launched cruise missiles that can engage hostile warships and land targets.
  • This family includes a variety of different missiles, that share common design features.
  • They were developed and produced by Russia's Almaz-Antey corporation.
  • Features:
    • All missiles have the same diameter of 533 mm.
    • It fits in a standard torpedo tube of a submarine.
    • These missiles can carry conventional or nuclear warheads.
    • These missiles use inertial guidance with satellite navigation update.
    • They can accelerate in the terminal stage to supersonic speed to avoid enemy defenses.
    • Range: It varies between 200km to 2500km depending on the type.

 


Q1) What are cruise missiles?

A cruise missile is a guided missile, the major portion of whose flight path to its target (a land-based or sea-based target) is conducted at approximately constant velocity; that relies on the dynamic reaction of air for lift, and upon propulsion forces to balance drag. Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high accuracy.

Source: Russian sub launches cruise missile from Sea of Japan in a drill