Kaliveli bird sanctuary

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Kaliveli bird sanctuary Blog Image


Recently, the Southern Bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has withheld the environmental clearance granted for fishing harbours at Alamparaikuppam and Azhagankuppam, located in the intertidal area of Kaliveli bird sanctuary.

About Kaliveli bird sanctuary

  • This wetland is the second-largest brackish water lake in South India after Pulicat lake.
  • The first declaration was issued by the Villupuram District Administration under Section 18 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 for setting up this sanctuary.
  • The Kaliveli lake is connected to the Bay of Bengal by the Uppukalli Creek and the Edayanthittu sanctuary and is visited for nesting by migratory birds on the Central Asian flyway.
  • The southern part of the wetland has been reserved land since 2001.
  • The lake has a feeding ground for long-distance migrants from the cold subarctic regions of Central Asia and Siberia including Black-tailed Godwits, Eurasian Curlew, White Stork, Ruff and Dublin.


Key facts about the National Green Tribunal (NGT)

  • The National Green Tribunal has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010.
  • New Delhi is the Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai shall be the other four places of sitting of the Tribunal.
  • NGT is mandated to make disposal of applications or appeals finally within 6 months of the filing of the same.
  • Composition
    • It comprises the Chairperson, the Judicial Members, and Expert Members.
    • They shall hold office for a term of 5 years and are not eligible for reappointment.
    • The Chairperson is appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI).
    • A Selection Committee shall be formed by the central government to appoint the Judicial Members and Expert Members.
    • There are to be at least 10 and a maximum of 20 full-time Judicial members and Expert Members in the tribunal.


Q1) What is Creek?

It refers to a small, narrow, and often shallow watercourse or stream that usually flows into a larger body of water, such as a river, lake, or ocean. Creeks are common in various landscapes and can have different names in different regions.

Source: NGT withholds green nod granted for fishing harbours near Kaliveli bird sanctuary