Kanger Valley National Park

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Overview:

In a first-of-its-kind model of convergence, Kanger Valley National Park is working with a coalition of various organizations and government departments to prepare a landscape-based ecological restoration plan for the national park.

About Kanger Valley National Park

  • Location:
    • It is located in Jagdalpur, in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh state.
    • It is located on the banks of the Kholaba River (tributary of the Godavari River). 
  • The National Park derives its name from the Kanger River, which flows in its length.
  • It got the status of a national park in 1982. 
  • The average width of the park (north to south) is 6 km. while the average length (west to east) is 34 km. The area of the park is 200 square kilometers. 
  • The entire Park constitutes core area and there is no buffer zone.
  • Topography: It is noted for its highly heterogeneous land formations, ranging from low, flat, and gentle areas to steep slopes, plateaus, valleys, and stream courses. 
  • It is home to three exceptional caves, famous for their amazing geological structures: Kutumbasar, Kailash, and Dandak- Stalagmites and Stalactites.
  • National Park is known for the presence of underground limestone caves with dripstone and floston. The stalagmites and stalactite formations are still increasing. 
  • Tirathgarh Waterfall is located in the park.
  • The Park also has a sizable tribal population.
  • Flora: It is a typical mixed humid deciduous type of forest in which the Sal, Saugaun, teak, and bamboo trees are available in abundance.
  • Fauna:
    • Major wild animals include tigers, mouse deer, leopards, wildcat, sambar, chital, barking deer, langurs, jackals, rhesus macaque, flying squirrel, etc.
    • The aerial fauna at the park consists of common hill myna, red jungle fowl, spotted owlet, racket-tailed drongos, parrots, etc.

Q1) Which are the main tributaries of Godavari River?

The principal tributaries of the river are the Pravara, the Purna, the Manjra, the Penganga, the Wardha,the Wainganga the Pranhita (combined flow of Wainganga, Penganga, Wardha), the Indravati, the Maner and the Sabri.

Source: Restoration plan for Kanger valley park on anvil