Kanha Tiger Reserve (KTR)

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Overview:

A 15-year-old tiger has died after being found in an injured condition near the Kanha Tiger Reserve (KTR) in Madhya Pradesh's Balaghat district.

About Kanha Tiger Reserve (KTR):

  • Kanha Tiger Reserve, also called Kanha National Park, is the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Location:
    • It is located in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh.
    • It is nestled in the Maikal range of Satpuras, the heart of India that forms the central Indian highlands.
  • Kanha National Park was created on 1 June 1955, and in 1973 was made the Kanha Tiger Reserve. 
  • The forest depicted in the famous novel by Rudyard Kipling, The Jungle Book, is thought by some to be based on jungles, including this reserve. 
  • It is also the first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot, "Bhoorsingh the Barasingha".
  • Flora:
    • The lowland forest is a mixture of sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees interspersed with meadows. 
    • The highland forests are tropical moist dry deciduous type and of a completely different nature with bamboo on slopes (Dendrocalamus strictus). 
  • Fauna:
    • The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear and Indian wild dog. 
    • The Park is respected globally for saving the Barasingha (the state animal of Madhya Pradesh) from near extinction.

 


Q1) What is Barasingha?

The barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii ), also called swamp deer, is a deer species distributed in the Indian subcontinent. Populations in northern and central India are fragmented, and two isolated populations occur in southwestern Nepal. It has been extirpated in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and its presence is uncertain in Bhutan.

Source: Tiger dies after found injured in MP's Kanha Tiger Reserve