Kanha Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

A male tiger from the Kanha Tiger Reserve has been relocated to Mukundpur Safari in Satna.

About Kanha Tiger Reserve

  • Kanha Tiger Reserve, also called Kanha National Park, is the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Location:
    • It is located in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh.
    • It is nestled in the Maikal range of Satpuras, the heart of India, that forms the central Indian highlands.
  • Kanha National Park was created on June 1, 1955, and in 1973, was made the Kanha Tiger Reserve. 
  • It sprawls over an area of 940 square kilometres. 
  • Habitat: It is characterized mainly by forested shallow undulations, hills with varying degrees of slopes, plateaus, and valleys.
  • The forest depicted in the famous novel by Rudyard Kipling, The Jungle Book, is thought by some to be based on jungles, including this reserve. 
  • It is also the first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot, "Bhoorsingh the Barasingha".
  • Flora: It is primarily a moist Sal and moist mixed deciduous forest where Bamboo, Tendu, Sal, Jamun, Arjun, and Lendia flourish.
  • Fauna:
    • The park has a significant population of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopard, sloth bear, and Indian wild dog. 
    • The Park is respected globally for saving the Barasingha (the state animal of Madhya Pradesh) from near extinction, and has the unique distinction of harbouring the last world population of this deer species.

Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

Tiger Reserve is a legally declared protected area dedicated to the conservation of striped big cats. A tiger reserve, on the other hand, could be a national park or wildlife sanctuary. The Sariska Tiger Reserve, for example, is also a national park.

Source: Kanha tiger relocated to Mukundpur Safari