Kaziranga National Park


10:05 AM

1 min read
Kaziranga National Park Blog Image


The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change recently sought a “factual report” on the rhino population enumeration conducted in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve in March

About Kaziranga National Park:

  • Location: It is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam.
  •  It was declared a national park in 1974.
  • It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site and houses two-thirds of the total world population of greater one-horned rhinoceros.
  • It is the largest undisturbed area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplains.
  • Vegetation: It is a mix of eastern wet alluvial grasslands, semi evergreen forests and tropical moist deciduous forests.
  • Flora:
  1. It is primarily famous for its dense and tall elephant grasses intermixed with small swamplands.
  2. It also includes an abundant cover of water lilies, water hyacinths and lotus.
  3. Rattan Cane, a type of climbing palm, is also found here.
  • Fauna:
  1. Important wildlife found are One-horned rhinoceros, Leopard, Fishing Cat, other Lesser cats, royal Bengal tiger, Large Indian Civet, Small Indian Civet, Sambar, Barking deer, Hog deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Capped Langur, etc.
  2. It is also one of the last remaining homes of the endangered and endemic western hoolock gibbon, the only species of apes found in India
  3. It is home to approximately 478 species of both resident and migratory birds.
  4. It is one of the last homes of the critically endangered Bengal florican.


Q1) Which national park is known as ‘Mini Kaziranga’?

Orang national park popularly known as mini Kaziranga, is located on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra. The park covering an area of  72-sq-kms was established as a sanctuary in 1985 and declared a National Park on 13th April 1999. Famous for its natural scenic beauty, the park is about 150-km from Guwahati, Assam.

Source:Environment Ministry seeks report on Kaziranga rhino estimation