The third Sherpas meeting under India’s G20 Presidency was recently held in Hampi.
- Location: Traditionally known as Pampakshetra of Kishkindha, Hampi is located in central Karnataka on the banks of the Tungabhadra River.
- It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- It is renowned for its historical and archaeological significance, as it was once the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, one of the greatest Hindu empires in South India, which thrived from the 14th to the 16th century.
- River: The Tungabhadra River flows through Hampi.
- The site boasts numerous grand temples, palaces, marketplaces, and other structures.
- Some of the prominent landmarks include the Virupaksha Temple, Vittala Temple, Lotus Mahal, Queen's Bath, and Elephant Stables.
- Temples of this city are noted for their large dimensions, florid ornamentation, bold and delicate carvings, stately pillars, magnificent pavilions and a great wealth of iconographic and traditional depictions which include subjects from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
About Vittala Temple Complex:
- It is an iconic structure within Hampi, known for its extraordinary architecture and the famous stone chariot.
- It dates back to the 15th century. It was built during the reign of King Devaraya II (1422 – 1446 A.D.), one of the rulers of the Vijayanagara Empire.
- Several portions of the temple were expanded and enhanced during the reign of Krishnadevaraya (1509 – 1529 A.D.), the most famous ruler of the Vijayanagara dynasty.
- It is also known as Shri Vijaya Vitthala Temple. It is dedicated to Lord Vitthala, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
- It is built in the Dravidian style of architecture. It has traits and features that are characteristic of typical south Indian temple architecture.
- It is believed that the main shrine of the temple originally had one enclosed Mantapa. An open Mantapa was added to it in the year 1554 A.D.
- The temple complex is a sprawling area that is surrounded by high compound walls and three towering gateways.
- The temple complex has many halls, shrines and pavilions located inside it. Each of these structures is made of stone.
Q1) Who was Krishnadevaraya?
The greatest emperor in the Vijayanagar empire’s history was Krishnadevaraya(17 January 1471-17 October 1529). He presided over the Tuluva Dynasty as its third king. By overthrowing the sultans of Bijapur, Golconda, the Bahmani Sultanate, and the Gajapatis of Odisha, he rose to power.