Key Facts about Pampa Lake

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A team from the Karnataka State Department of Archaeology Museums and Heritage has uncovered rock shelter paintings estimated to be around 2,500 years old near Pampa Lake in the Hampi World Heritage Area.

About Pampa Lake:

  • Pamba Lake/Pampa Sarovar is situated in Koppal district near Hampi in Karnataka.
  • It is located to the south of the Tungabhadra River.
  • It is one of the five sacred lakes known as Panch-Sarovar in Hindu mythology, which are namely, Man Sarovar, Bindu Sarovar, Narayan Sarovar, Pampa Sarovar, and Pushkar Sarovar.
    • In Hindu mythology, Pampa Sarovar is regarded as the place where Pampa, a form of Shiva’s consort Parvati, performed penance to show her devotion to Shiva.
    • It is also one of the Sarovars that finds a mention in the Hindu epic, Ramayana as the place where Shabhari, a devotee of Lord Rama, waited for the arrival of Rama.
  • The lake is surrounded by hills and temples and filled with lotuses.

Key Facts about Tungabhadra River:

  • It is a major river in the south Indian peninsula.
  • It is a major tributary of the Krishna River.
  • Origin:
    • It is formed by the union of two rivers, Tunga and Bhadra, hence the name. 
    • Both the Tunga and Bhadra Rivers originate on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.
    • The two rivers merge at Koodli in the Shimoga district of Karnataka, giving birth to the Tungabhadra River. 
  • Course:
    • It flows in a more or less northwest direction before joining the Krishna River at Sangamaleshwaram in Andhra Pradesh.
    • The Krishna River finally ends in the Bay of Bengal.
    • The river has a total length of 531 km and a catchment area of 28,000 sq. km.
    • It flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is influenced chiefly by the South-West monsoon.
  • Major Tributaries: Varada River and Hagari (Vedathy) River.
  • The river has several dams and reservoirs built on it, including the Tunga Anicut Dam, the Bhadra Dam, the Hemavathy Dam, and the Tungabhadra Dam.

Q1: Which are the main tributaries of Krishna River?

The principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.

Source: Ancient Rock Paintings Discovered Near Pampa Lake