Key facts about Papua New Guinea

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Overview:

Prime Minister recently concluded his visit to Papua New Guinea where he co-hosted the first Forum for India-Pacific Islands cooperation (FIPIC) summit.

About Papua New Guinea:

  • Location:  It is an island country that lies in the south-western Pacific.
  • It includes the eastern half of New Guinea (the world’s second largest island) and many small offshore islands.
  • NeighboursIndonesia to the west, Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the south-east.
  • Capital: Port Moresby
  • Terrain: It is mainly mountainous but has low-lying plains in southern New Guinea.
  • The islands that constitute Papua New Guinea were settled over a period of 40,000 years by the mixture of peoples who are generally referred to as Melanesians.
  • Language:
    • English is the main language of government and commerce.  In most everyday contexts the most widely spoken language is Tok Pisin
    • Linguistically, it is the world's most diverse country, with more than 800 languages.
  • Religion: The majority of Papua New Guinea’s people are at least nominally Christian.
  • Government:
    • Papua New Guinea became self-governing on 1 December 1973 and achieved independence on 16 September 1975.
    • The country is a constitutional monarchy and a member of the Commonwealth.
    • The British monarch, represented by a governor-general, is head of state, and the Prime Minister is head of government.

What is Forum for India-Pacific Islands cooperation (FIPIC)?

  • It is a multinational grouping for cooperation between India and 14 Pacific Islands nations.
  • It include 14 islands named- Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
  • The FIPIC initiative marks a serious effort to expand India's engagement in the Pacific region.

 


Q1) What is the Forum for India-Pacific Islands cooperation (FIPIC)?

 It is a multinational grouping for cooperation between India and 14 Pacific Islands nations. It includes 14 islands named- Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.

Source: PM Modi leaves for Australia after concluding Papua New Guinea visit