Recently, the research team of the Department of Wildlife Protection has confirmed the presence of snow leopard in Kishtwar High Altitude National Park through camera trap photographs.
About Kishtwar High Altitude National Park:
- It is located in the Kishtwar district of union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The area was declared as a Kishtwar High Altitude National Park in 1980.
- It was majorly founded to protect the Snow Leopards that are now slowly vanishing from the nature.
- Physical Features:
- The area lies in the central crystalline belt of the great Himalayas and the tract is situated on the high altitudes i.e., sub-alpine and alpine zone.
- The National Park encompasses the catchment area of Kiber, Nanth and Kiyar Nallas, all of which drain south-west into Marwah River (locally called Mariv Sudir) which later joins Chenab.
- The terrain is generally rugged and steep with narrow valleys bounded by high ridges opening out in their upper glacial parts.
- It encompasses breathtaking alpine meadows, snow-capped peaks, and lush green forests, serving as a vital ecological corridor for many wildlife species.
- It is renowned for its diverse array of flora and fauna, including several rare and endangered species.
- It has a variety of temperature conifer forests. These include Fir, Himalayan Yew, Deodar, Blue Pine, or Kail and Spruce.
- In the alpine regions of the park extensive alpine scrub and meadows are present.
- The park is a renowned snow leopard reserve. Besides, it provides a habitat for Brown bear, Himalayan musk deer, Hangul, Ibex, Wild boar, Indian muntjac, Serow Capricornis, Himalayan Tahr, Bharal etc.
Q1) Which national park is famous for Nilgiri tahr?
The Eravikulam National Park has the highest density and largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr. The Nilgiri tahr was formerly called Hemitragus hylocrius. Its generic name was changed to Nilgiritragus after the phylogenic research by Ropiquet and Hassanin in 2005.